Kidney stones are a very common problem. About 12% of men and 5% of women will have at least one kidney stone in their lifetime. Most kidney stones contain calcium. Other substances such as oxalate are necessary to remain in solution in the urine. Stones are typically caused by an imbalance in the urinary system: too little water, too much oxalate, or too much calcium. Rarely are stones related to too much calcium in the blood. There are also other types of stones that can develop, such as uric acid, magnesium ammonium phosphate, or cystine stones.
This video will help you learn more about how stones, their treatment, and what you can do to prevent them.
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